Columbia International Affairs Online: Working Papers

The Carter Center

URL: http://www.cartercenter.org/

The Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia, is a nonprofit, nonpartisan public policy institute founded by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and his wife, Rosalynn, in 1982. The Center is dedicated to fighting disease, hunger, poverty, conflict, and oppression through collaborative initiatives in the areas of democratization and development, global health, and urban revitalization. At present, the Center operates 13 core programs, which have touched the lives of people in 65 countries, including the United States.

The Center is a separately chartered and independently governed member of the Emory University community. Carter Center programs are directed by resident experts, many of whom hold academic appointments at Emory University.

Additional Materials from The Carter Center: Policy Briefs


Working Papers

Title: Options for a Political Transition in Syria
Date: February 2014

Title: Final Report: Andean-U.S. Dialogue Forum
Date: February 2013

Title: Voter Identification Requirements and International Law: An Examination of Africa and Latin America
Date: January 2013

Title: Election Campaigns: A Comparative Look at the Hemisphere
Date: November 2012

Title: Les Investissements Miniers en République Démocratique du Congo: Développement ou Appauvrissement des Communautés Locales?
Date: October 2012

Title: The Carter Center Handbook on Observing Electronic Voting
Date: July 2012

Title: Strengthening International Law to Support Democratic Governance and Genuine Elections
Date: July 2012

Title: Overview of State Obligations Relevant to Democratic Governance and Democratic Elections
Date: July 2012

Title: Andean-U.S. Dialogue Forum: Toward a Common Agenda for the Andean Countries and the United States
Date: February 2011

Title: Final Report: Observing Sudan's 2010 National Elections, April 11–18, 2010
Date: January 2011

Title: Final Report : Observation Mission of the Bolivia Voter Registration 2009
Date: November 2010

Title: Final Report: Limited Assessment Mission to the March 2010 Villagers Committee Elections in Yunnan Province, China
Date: May 2010

Title: Approaches to Solving Territorial Conflicts: Sources, Situations, Scenarios, and Suggestions
Date: May 2010

Title: Guide to Electoral Dispute Resolution
Date: January 2010

Title: Final Report: Observing the 2005 Ethiopia Elections
Date: December 2009

Title: Final Report: April 9, 2009 Legislative Elections in Indonesia
Date: August 2009

Title: Report on the Selection Process for the Members of the Temporary Council on Citizen Participation and Social Control
Date: February 2009

Title: Report on the Appointment of the Temporary Electoral Authorities of Ecuador
Date: November 2008

Title: Final Report on Observing Nepal's 2008 Constituent Assembly Election
Date: November 2008

Title: Assessing the Impact of Dialogue Processes: Some Reflections from the Field
Date: November 2008

Title: Final Report on Ecuador's Approbatory Constitutional Referendum of September 28, 2008
Date: October 2008

Title: Atlanta Declaration and Plan of Action for the Advancement of the Right of Access to Information
Date: March 2008

Title: Developing a Methodology for Observing Electronic Voting
Date: October 2007

Title: Building Consensus on Principles for International Election Observation
Date: October 2007

Title: Final Report on Ecuador´s September 30, 2007, Constituent Assembly Elections
Date: September 2007

Title: Carter Center Delegation Report: Village Elections in China 5 Mar 1997
Date: March 2007

Title: Final Report to the Guyana Elections Commission on the 2006 General and Regional Elections, February 15, 2007
Date: February 2007

Title: Observing Presidential and Legislative Elections in Liberia
Date: January 2007

Title: Access to Information: Jamaica: Building a Culture of Transparency
Date: June 2006

Title: Collective Defense of Democracy: Concepts and Procedures
Authors: Carlos Ayala Corao, Pedro Nikken Bellshaw-Hógg
Date: January 2006

Title: The Carter Center 2004 Indonesia Elections
Date: June 2005

Title: Global and National Trends Affecting the Protection of Human Rights: Discussion Document
Date: May 2005

Title: Final Report: National Democratic Institute Final Report on the Palestinian Presidential Election, Jan. 9, 2005
Date: April 2005

Title: Summary of Proceedings: Automated Voting and Election Observation, The Carter Center, March 17-18, 2005
Date: March 2005

Title: Report on an Analysis of the Representativeness of the Second Audit Sample, and the Correlation between Petition Signers and the Yes Vote in the Aug. 15, 2004 Presidential Recall Referendum in Venezuela
Date: August 2004

Title: East Timor Political and Election Observation Project: Final Project Report
Date: August 2004

Title: Audit of the Results of the Presidential Recall Referendum in Venezuela
Date: August 2004

Title: Financing Democracy in the Americas
Date: May 2004

Title: Final Report: Financing Democracy in Guatemala
Date: May 2004

Title: Camp David 25th Anniversary Forum
Date: September 2003

Title: The Kashmiri Conflict: Historical and Prospective Intervention Analyses
Date: June 2003

Title: Observing the 2002 Kenya Elections
Date: June 2003

Title: Observing the 2002 Jamaica Parliamentary Elections
Authors: Laura Neuman
Date: June 2003

Title: Financing Democracy: Participants' Biographies
Date: March 2003

Title: Financing Democracy: List of Participants
Date: March 2003

Title: Financing Democracy in the Americas: A Conference Overview
Date: March 2003

Title: Financing Democracy Conference: Remarks of Csar Gaviria
Date: March 2003

Title: Financing Democracy Conference: Presentation by Elizabeth Spehar
Authors: Elizabeth Spehar
Date: March 2003

Title: Financing Democracy Conference: Calling in Favors? Post-election Demands on Government by Campaign Donors by Lawrence Noble
Authors: Lawrence Noble
Date: March 2003

Title: Access To Information: A Key To Democracy
Authors: Laura Newman
Date: November 2002

Title: Observing The 2002 Mali Presidential Elections
Date: October 2002

Title: Annual Report 2001-2002
Date: August 2002

Title: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Historical and Prospective Intervention Analyses
Date: May 2002

Title: Remarks by Jimmy Carter at the University of Havana, Cuba
Authors: Jimmy Carter
Date: May 2002

Title: Q&A with Ashley Barr: International Criminal Court Comes to Fruition
Authors: Jimmy Carter
Date: May 2002

Title: President Carter's Cuba Trip Report
Authors: Jimmy Carter
Date: May 2002

Title: Human Rights Defenders on the Frontlines of Freedom: Protecting Human Rights in the Context of the War on Terror
Date: May 2002

Title: Third Development Cooperation Forum: Human Security and the Future of Development Cooperation
Date: February 2002

Title: Observations on The Township People's Congress Elections in Chongqing
Date: January 2002

Title: Carter Center Observation Assessment of the 2001 Zambian Pre-Election Period
Date: December 2001

Title: Spotlight on the Americas Program: Combating Corruption in Jamaica
Authors: Laura Newman
Date: September 2001

Title: Statement of the National Democratic Institute (NDI)/Carter center Pre-Election Delegatin to Bangladesh's 2001 Parliamentary Elections
Date: August 2001

Title: Statement of the National Democratic Institute (NDI)/Carter Center Election Observer Delegation to Peru's April 8 Elections
Date: April 2001

Title: Observing the 2002 Mexico Elections
Authors: Marcela Szymanski
Date: March 2001

Title: Observing Political Change in Venezuela: The Bolivarian Constitution and 2000 Elections
Authors: Jennifer McCoy, Laura Neuman
Date: February 2001

Title: Statement of the National Democratic Institute (NDI)/Carter Center Pre-Election Delegation to Peru
Date: January 2001

Title: Second Report: The Carter Center Mission to Evaluate Electoral Conditions in Nicaragua
Date: November 2000

Title: Challenges to Democracy in the Americas
Authors: Hugo Chávez, Jorge Vargas Cullel, Manuel Antonio Garretn M., Porfirio Muñoz Ledo, Kenneth H. Jr. MacKay, Adolfo E. Nanclares, Philip Oxhorn, Kenneth Roberts, Matthew Soberg Shugart, Laurence Whitehead
Date: October 2000

Title: Observing the 1999 Elections in Mozambique: Final Report
Date: August 2000

Title: Observing the 1999 Public Consultation Process in East Timor
Date: June 2000

Title: Preliminary Statement on the Dominican Republic Presidential Election 2000 National Democratic Institute/ The Carter Center Santo Domingo
Date: May 2000

Title: Report of The Carter Center's Fourth Observation of Chinese Village Elections 4 Jan 2000
Date: March 2000

Title: From Civil War to Civil Society: The Transition from War to Peace in Guatemala and Liberia
Date: December 1999

Title: Developing a Methodology for Conflict Prevention: The Case of Estonia
Authors: Joyce Neu, Vamik Volkan
Date: December 1999

Title: Transparency Project
Authors: Shelley McConnell, Jennifer McCoy
Date: May 1999

Title: Summaries: 'Transparency for Growth in the Americas' Conference
Date: May 1999

Title: Keynote Speech by Dr. Miguel Angel Rodriguez, President of the Republic of Costa Rica
Date: May 1999

Title: Keynote Remarks by Treasury Secretary Robert E. Rubin
Date: May 1999

Title: Keynote Remarks by Peter Eigen, Chairman, Transparency International
Date: May 1999

Title: Keynote Remarks by Jack Guynn, president and CEO, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Date: May 1999

Title: Final Statement: 'Transparency for Growth' Conference Council of Presidents and Prime Ministers of the Americas
Date: May 1999

Title: Address by Robert Klitgaard: Carter Center Conference on Transparency for Growth in the Americas
Date: May 1999

Title: Observations on The Township People's Congress Elections in Chongqing January 5-15, 1999 and Cooperative Activities with the Ministry of Civil Affairs August 1, 1998-January 15, 1999
Date: March 1999

Title: The Role of the Community College in Shaping the Nation: An Educational Forum
Date: October 1998

Title: Carter Center Delegation Report: Village Elections in China and Agreement on Cooperation with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, People's Republic of China 2 Mar 1998
Date: March 1998

Title: Observing the 1997 Liberia Special Elections
Date: October 1997

Title: The January 20, 1996 Palestinian Elections
Date: March 1997

Title: Democratisation from the Outside in: NGO and International Efforts to Promote Open Elections
Authors: Vikram K. Chand
Date: February 1997

Title: International Guide to NGO Activities in Conflict Prevention and Resolution
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: December 1996

Title: 1995-1996 State of World Conflict Report
Date: August 1996

Title: Meeting on the Viability of International Economic Sanctions
Date: March 1996

Title: The Journey to Democracy: 1986-1996
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: January 1996

Title: Frustrations of Regional Peacekeeping: The OAU in Chad, 1977-1982
Authors: Sam G. Amoo
Date: December 1995

Title: Report on a Property Issues Conference
Authors: Jimmy Carter, Jennifer McCoy, Robert Pastor, George Price
Date: July 1995

Title: Nicaraguan Property Disputes
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: April 1995

Title: Mission to Haiti #3
Authors: Robert A. Pastor
Date: March 1995

Title: Mission to Haiti #2
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: February 1995

Title: State of World Conflict Report
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: January 1995

Title: Elections in Mexico Fourth Report
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: January 1995

Title: Assessment Mission to Haiti
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: January 1995

Title: Report of the Commission on Radio and Television Policy: Volume 6, Number 2
Date: September 1994

Title: Elections in Mexico: Third Report
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: August 1994

Title: The Democratic Challenge in Africa
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: May 1994

Title: Averting Inter-Ethnic Conflict: An Analysis of the CSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in Estonia
Authors: Konrad J. Huber
Date: April 1994

Title: Not Even One: A Report On The Crisis of Children and Firearms
Date: February 1994

Title: Not Even One
Date: February 1994

Title: Report of the Commission on Radio and Television Policy: Volume 5, Number 1
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: November 1993

Title: Electoral Reform in Mexico
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: September 1993

Title: Moderating Ethnic Tensions by Electoral Mediation
Authors: David J. Carroll, Robert A. Pastor
Date: June 1993

Title: Resolving Intra-National Conflicts: A Strengthened Role for Intergovernmental Organizations
Date: February 1993

Title: Forward to the Beginning: Widening the Scope for Global Collective Action
Authors: Robert Pastor
Date: January 1993

Title: Conference for Global Development Cooperation
Date: December 1992

Title: The International Observation of the U.S. Elections
Date: November 1992

Title: The International Negotiation Network: A New Method of Approaching Some Very Old Problems
Authors: Dayle E. Spencer, William J. Spencer
Date: November 1992

Title: Report of The Commission on Radio and Television Policy:Volume 4, Number 1
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: November 1992

Title: The Carter Administration and Latin America: A Test of Principle
Authors: Robert Pastor
Date: July 1992

Title: Investigating Abuses and Introducing Safeguards in the Democratization Process
Authors: The Conference Center
Date: July 1992

Title: Resolving Intra-National Conflicts: A Strengthened Role for Non-Governmental Actors
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: January 1992

Title: The Inter-Arab System and the Gulf War: Continuity and Change
Authors: Bruce Maddy-Weitzman
Date: November 1991

Title: Report of The Commission on Television Policy:Volume 3, Number 1
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: November 1991

Title: Western Intrusion Collides with Tradition in the Middle East
Authors: Kenneth W. Stein
Date: February 1991

Title: Frustrations of Regional Peacekeeping: The OAU in Chad, 1977-1982
Authors: Sam G. Amoo
Date: February 1991

Title: Ethnicity and Soviet Television News
Authors: Ellen Mickiewicz
Date: January 1991

Title: Observing Nicaragua's Elections, 1989-1990
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: May 1990

Title: The Intifadah and the 1936-1939 Uprising: A Comparison of the Palestinian Arab Communities
Authors: Kenneth W. Stein
Date: March 1990

Title: Post-Revolutionary Mexico: The Salinas Opening
Authors: Robert Pastor
Date: January 1990

Title: Perestroika without Glasnost in Africa
Date: February 1989

Title: Mobilization and Reform: Political Communication Policy Under Gorbachev
Authors: Ellen Mickiewicz
Date: January 1989

Title: Conflict Resolution Symposium Derails a Potential Tobacco "War"
Authors: Dayle E. Powell
Date: January 1989

Title: Common Sense on Competitiveness
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: April 1988

Title: Myth, Reality, and the Future in Southern Africa: Challenges for a New Administration
Authors: The Carter Center
Date: March 1988