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clear CIAO Focus, December 2001: Afghanistan and Terrorism
A new, interim government for Afghanistan has been created under the auspices of the United Nations. The anti-Taliban Pashtun commander Hamid Karzai, a relative of the former king, is expected to be chosen prime minister. And in a widely hailed anti-terrorism development, 55 nations adopted the U.S. plan to increase police cooperation and freeze terrorist assets, among other goals. In Afghanistan heavy fighting continues, centering now on caves 30 miles outside of Jalalabad. Intelligence sources believe Osama bin Laden may be hiding in a region known as Tora Bora, which means Black Widow in Pashto. While bombers continue their raids, and news reports of civilian casualties mount, many military analysts are calling for the use of ground troops to pursue bin Laden and the Al Qaida network. Finally, on the U.S. domestic front, analysts have suggested that Al Qaida may have a so-called dirty bomb in their possession. Unrelated to the concerns over nuclear devices, Homeland Security chief Tom Ridge issued the third warning since September 11 of possible terrorist attacks, warning Americans to "be on the alert."

This month CIAO highlights the issue of terrorism and the crisis in Afghanistan.

From CIAO's database:

Afghanistan - War Aims

Diffusion of Landmines in Afghanistan

The Soviet War in Afghanistan: History and Harbinger of Future War?

Beyond bin Laden - The Tempations of a Wider War

Russia and Central Asia: Problems and Prospects

Pakistan and the Taliban: Flux in an Old Relationship

Afghanistan: Ethnolinguistic Groups, 1997 (map)

Pakistan - Afghanistan Border ("Pushtunistan"), 1988 (map)

Outside Links*:

From the United Nations

From Human Rights Watch

From the US Department of State

From the US Department of Defense

* Outside links are not maintained. For broken outside links, CIAO recommends the Way Back Machine [].