Columbia International Affairs Online: Working Papers

CIAO DATE: 03/2015

Nuclear Arms Control: Implications from the Crisis in Ukraine

Dániel Bartha, Anna Peczeli

February 2015

NATO Defense College


The current crisis in Ukraine pushed US-Russia relations to their lowest point since the end of the Cold War, and it also terminated the collaboration between NATO and Russia. After Russia’s annexation of Crimea and the infiltrations in Eastern Ukraine, NATO suspended all practical day-to-day cooperation with Moscow (although the Alliance decided to keep the door open for high-level dialogue, and maintained the channels of communication within the NATO- Russia Council as well as the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council). 2 Besides these measures by NATO, the G8 also suspended Moscow’s membership, the work of the Global Partnership against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction 3 was disrupted, and the 2014 US Compliance Report officially accused Russia of being in violation of its obligations under the Intermediate- Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. In response, the new Russian military doctrine, adopted in December 2014, named NATO’s military buildup as one of the top threats to Russian national security.