Columbia International Affairs Online: Working Papers

CIAO DATE: 11/2014

Ending Libya's Civil War: Reconciling Politics, Rebuilding Security

Frederic Wehrey

September 2014

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace


More than three years after the fall of strongman Muammar Qaddafi, Libya is in the midst of a bitter civil war rooted in a balance of weakness between the country’s political factions and armed groups. With a domestic landscape torn apart by competing claims to power and with interference from regional actors serving to entrench divides, restoring stability in Libya and building a unified security structure will be difficult if not impossible without broad-based political reconciliation.