Columbia International Affairs Online: Working Papers

CIAO DATE: 06/2014

Extreme Violence and the Rule of Law: Lessons From Eastern Afghanistan

Rachel Kleinfeld, Harry Bader

April 2014

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace


The international community’s approach to building the rule of law in situations of extreme violence can be improved. These contexts demand a strategy that reduces the strength of armed nonstate groups and restores stability so governance-building activities can take hold. Lessons from a program implemented by the Natural Resources Counterinsurgency Cell (NRCC) in Afghanistan can help inform a more holistic strategy.