Focus: The Global Fight against AIDS

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CIAO Focus, May 2009: Global Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases kill more than 11 million people a year
and diminish the lives of countless others. Virtually all deaths
due to infectious diseases occur in low- and middle-income
countries. Among the top 10 causes of death in those countries,
lower respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases,
tuberculosis (TB), and malaria account for 22 percent of total deaths.
In contrast, in high-income countries, the only infectious disease that
appears among the top 10 leading causes is lower respiratory
infections—which comprise 4 percent of all deaths.

In low- and middle-income countries, three infectious diseases
are among top killers of adults ages 15 to 59: HIV/AIDS
kills 2 million a year, TB kills 1 million a year, and lower
respiratory infections kill 330,000 a year. In high-income
countries, infectious diseases don’t make it into the top 10
causes of adult death.

Source: Disease Control Priorities Project


From the CIAO Database:

The Evolution and Future of Donor Assistance for HIV/AIDS

Global Public Health and Biosecurity: Managing Twenty-First Century Risks

Global Health Governance and Multi-Level Policy Coherence: Can the G8 Provide a Cure?

Adolescent Health: Global Issues, Local Challenges

SARS and the Global Risk of Emerging Infectious Diseases

Global Panic, Local Repercussions: Exploring the Impact of Avian Influenza in Vietnam

Mad Cows and Ailing Hens: The Transatlantic Relationship and Livestock Diseases

Outside Sources: *

Infectious Diseases Society of America

Global infectious disease surveillance (WHO)

The World Health Report (2008)

Infectious Diseases (USAID)

Infectious Diseases (Disease Control Priorities Project)

* Outside links are not maintained. For broken outside links, CIAO recommends the Way Back Machine.