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Infectious diseases kill more than 11 million people a year
and diminish the lives of countless others. Virtually all deaths
due to infectious diseases occur in low- and middle-income
countries. Among the top 10 causes of death in those countries,
lower respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases,
tuberculosis (TB), and malaria account for 22 percent of total deaths.
In contrast, in high-income countries, the only infectious disease that
appears among the top 10 leading causes is lower respiratory
infections—which comprise 4 percent of all deaths.
In low- and middle-income countries, three infectious diseases
are among top killers of adults ages 15 to 59: HIV/AIDS
kills 2 million a year, TB kills 1 million a year, and lower
respiratory infections kill 330,000 a year. In high-income
countries, infectious diseases don’t make it into the top 10
causes of adult death.
Source: Disease Control Priorities Project
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Global infectious disease surveillance (WHO)
The World Health Report (2008)
Infectious Diseases (USAID)
Infectious Diseases (Disease Control Priorities Project)
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