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Source: CIA - The World Factbook
Charges of vote rigging in the presidential election of December 27 were followed by violent clashes along tribal lines and ethnic cleansing. According to The United Nations, more than 1,000 people were killed and at least 250,000 displaced in the bloody aftermath of the controversial election which pitted the incumbent, Mwai Kibaki, against opposition candidate Raila Odinga.
Kenya's population of 37 million is comprised of 40 ethnic groups. Mr. Odinga, a member of the Luo tribe, accused the Kikuyus, Mr. Kibaki's tribe, of dominating the government since the country was founded in 1963 by Jomo Kenyatta, also a Kikuyu.
Under strong international pressure, a power sharing agreement has been signed by the rival factions. The agreement, which was effectively mediated by former UN secretary general Kofi Annan, provides that Mr. Kibaki will remain president while Mr Odinga will become prime minister with a broad range of executive powers.
This month CIAO examines political unrest in Kenya.
Country profile: Kenya (BBC News)
Africa Studies Center: Kenya Page (University of Pennsylvania)
World Health Organization: Kenya
Human Rights Watch: Kenya
IRIN Humanitarian News and Analysis: Kenya
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