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Map of Nepal
On February 1 Nepal's monarch, King Gyanendra, declared a state of emergency, suspended civil rights and installed a 10-man loyalist cabinet. Gyanendra fired the government, with the full backing of the army, ostensibly for its failure to organize democratic elections and suppress the mounting insurgency. Condemned by India and the United States, the king's seizure of power has underscored the fear that the rebellion in Nepal appears to be escalating. Since 1996, Maoist rebels have been struggling to overthrow the monarchy and establish a Communist government founded on the teachings of Mao Zedong. Over 11,000 people have died in the conflict. King Gyanendra has pledged to restore democracy in three years and deal directly with the rebels, but some analysts suggest that the cultural and economic divide that has fueled the rebellion will only grow. Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world. Most of Nepal's 26.5 million people live in the countryside, where nearly half of the population earns below the country's per capita income of 230 dollars a year. As is the case in many countries, by law the United States must review economic and military aid to countries that dissolve a democratic government.

From CIAO's database:

Nepal: Dangerous Plans for Village Militias

In the Spotlight: Communist Party of Nepal–Maoists

Spatial Horizontal Inequality and the Maoist Insurgency in Nepal

Understanding Nepal Maoists’ Demands: Revisiting Events of 1990

Nepal — Royal Murders

Nepal: Maoist Insurgency

Outside Links*:

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

South Asia Terrorism Portal

The Heritage Foundation

South Asia Forum for Human Rights$file/Insurgency_displacement_SAFHR.pdf

Nepal Human Development Report 2004, United Nations System in Nepal

* Outside links are not maintained. For broken outside links, CIAO recommends the Way Back Machine [].