clear Back to focus index
clear CIAO Focus, June 2003: Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases
The spread of both emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases such as SARS, tuberculosis, cholera and malaria poses a serious global challenge. The international travel and trade that are the hallmarks of the globalized economy have in some cases helped to spread infection. Thirty years after the U.S. Surgeon General William Stewart told Congress that it was "time to close the books on infectious disease," the re-emergence and resistance to treatment of numerous recognized diseases continues to illustrate that infectious diseases are severe, and in some cases growing, threats to humans worldwide. At the end of 2002, an estimated 42 million people worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS, with approximately 70 percent of those infected living in sub-Saharan Africa. SARS has sickened and killed people and its consequences are being felt in lives and in economies worldwide. Terrorists threaten to deploy biological and disease agents. International awareness and cooperative efforts are of critical importance, particularly to detect emerging diseases, control their spread, and effectively combat recognized infectious diseases.

This month CIAO focuses on emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases.

From CIAO's database:

The Health of Nations: Infectious Disease, Environmental Change, and Their Effects on National Security and Development

Why Health Is Important to U.S. Foreign Policy

The Future of AIDS

International Obligation and Human Health: Evolving Policy Responses to HIV/AIDS

Outside Links*:

World Health Organization on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Report on Malaria

Centers for Disease Control

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

* Outside links are not maintained. For broken outside links, CIAO recommends the Way Back Machine [].