Columbia International Affairs Online: Working Papers

CIAO DATE: 06/2014

Turkey's Muted Reaction to the Crimean Crisis

Soner Cagaptay, James F. Jeffrey

March 2014

The Washington Institute for Near East Policy


Issues such as energy dependence, deep-rooted fears of the Russian military, and Black Sea navigation policy all offer clues to Prime Minister Erdogan's vacillating response to Russian activities in Crimea.