Columbia International Affairs Online: Working Papers

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces

URL: http://www.dcaf.ch/

Established in October 2000 on the initiative of the Swiss government, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) encourages and supports States and non-State governed institutions in their efforts to strengthen democratic and civilian control of armed and security forces, and promotes security sector reform in accordance with democratic standards.

The Centre collects information and undertakes research in order to identify problems, to gather experience from lessons learned, and to propose best practices in the field of democratic governance of the security sector. The Centre provides its expertise and support, through practical work programmes on the ground, to all interested parties, in particular governments, parliaments, military authorities, international organisations, non-governmental organisations, and academic circles.

CAF is an international foundation under Swiss law. DCAF's Foundation Council is made up of 45 governments including Switzerland, 40 other Euro-Atlantic States, 3 African States, and the Canton of Geneva. The Council is headed by Ambassador Edouard Brunner, former Secretary of State of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs DCAF's International Advisory Board is composed of a group of over 60 experts in the various fields of DCAF's activity. DCAF Staff is comprised of some 50 employees coming from about 30 different nationalities. The Centre is directed by Ambassador Dr Theodor H Winkler.

Additional Materials from Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces: Books


Working Papers

Title: Public Private Cooperation: Challenges and Opportunities in Security Governance
Authors: Benjamin S. Buckland, Theodor H. Winkler
Date: January 2015

Title: Private Military & Security Companies: Future Challenges in Security Governance
Authors: Anne-Marie Buzatu, Benjamin S. Buckland
Date: January 2015

Title: On Cyberwarfare
Authors: Fred Schreier
Date: January 2015

Title: International Coherence in Security Sector Reform
Authors: Alan Bryden
Date: January 2015

Title: Democratic Governance Challenges of Cyber Security
Authors: Benjamin S. Buckland, Fred Schreier, Theodor H. Winkler
Date: January 2015

Title: Cyber Security: The Road Ahead
Authors: Fred Schreier, Barbara Weekes, Theodor H. Winkler
Date: January 2015

Title: Armed Non-State Actors: Current Trends & Future Challenges
Date: January 2015

Title: The Privatisation of Security in Failing States: A Quantitative Assessment
Authors: Željko Branović
Date: April 2011

Title: Local Ownership in Practice: Justice System Reform in Kosovo and Liberia
Authors: Leopold von Carlowitz
Date: March 2011

Title: Parliamentary War Powers: A Survey of 25 European Parliaments
Authors: Sandra Dieterich, Hartwig Hummel, Stefan Marschall
Date: December 2010

Title: Parliamentary War Powers Around the World, 1989–2004. A New Dataset
Authors: Wolfgang Wagner, Dirk Peters, Cosima Glahn
Date: December 2010

Title: The Role of Penal Reform in Security Sector Reform
Authors: Megan Bastick
Date: January 2010

Title: Measuring Security Sector Governance – A Guide to Relevant Indicators
Authors: Ursula C. Schroeder
Date: January 2010

Title: Challenges for Integrated Border Management in the European Union
Authors: Otwin Marenin
Date: January 2010

Title: Fighting the Pre-eminent Threats with Intelligence-led Operations
Authors: Fred Schreier
Date: January 2009

Title: Code of Conduct: Tool for Self-Regulation for Private Military and Security Companies
Authors: Nils Rosemann
Date: January 2008

Title: The Challenge for Hamas - Establishing Transparency and Accountability
Authors: Ghazi Ahmad Hamad
Date: April 2006

Title: The Challenges and Opportunities of Security Sector Reform in Post-conflict Liberia
Authors: Adedeji Ebo
Date: December 2005

Title: The OSCE Between Crisis and Reform: Towards a New Lease on Life
Authors: Victor-Yves Ghébali
Date: November 2005

Title: Shaping a Security Governance Agenda in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding
Authors: Alan Bryden, Timothy Donais, Heiner Hänggi
Date: November 2005

Title: Security Sector Governance in West Africa: Turning Principles to Practice
Authors: Alan Bryden, Boubacar N'Diaye, 'Funmi Olonisakin
Date: November 2005

Title: Identifying Lessons In United Nations International Policing Missions
Authors: Eirin Mobekk
Date: November 2005

Title: Backgrounder: Parliamentary Committees on Defence and Security
Authors:
Date: November 2005

Title: Backgrounder: National Security Policy
Authors:
Date: November 2005

Title: Backgrounder: Multiethnic Armed Forces
Authors:
Date: November 2005

Title: Public Perceptions of Palestinian Security Sector Governance
Authors: Riccardo Bocco, Arnold Luethold, Luigi de Martino
Date: October 2005

Title: War is no Child's Play: Child Soldiers from Battlefield to Playground
Authors: Lilian Peters
Date: July 2005

Title: The War on Terror - Security Sector Governance and Military Implications
Authors: Karl-Heinz Rambke
Date: June 2005

Title: Restoring Policing Systems in Conflict Torn Nations: Process, Problems, Prospects
Authors: Otwin Marenin
Date: June 2005

Title: The New 'Double Challenge': Simultaneously Crafting Democratic Control and Efficacy Concerning Military, Police and Intelligence
Authors: Felipe Agüero
Date: April 2005

Title: The Role of the Military in Elections
Authors: Mindia Vashakmadze
Date: March 2005

Title: The Parliamentary Dimension of Defence Procurement. Requirements, Production, Cooperation and Acquisition
Authors: Willem F. van Eekelen
Date: March 2005

Title: Privatising Security: Law, Practice and Governance of Private Military and Security Companies
Authors: Marina Caparini, Fred Schreier
Date: March 2005

Title: The Process from Authoritarianism to Democracy in Spain: the Impact of the 1981 Failed Cup
Authors: José A. Olmeda
Date: February 2005

Title: Providing Security. The Division of Labour. Armed Forces, Gendarmerie, Police
Authors: Alain Faupin
Date: February 2005

Title: Police and Gendarmerie Reform in Belgium: from Force to Service
Authors: Denis Bergmans
Date: February 2005

Title: New Trends in Policing in Western Europe: The Challenges for Bosnia and Herzegovina
Authors: Dominique Wisler
Date: February 2005

Title: Increasing Military Influence in Danish Civil-Military Relations
Authors: Henning Sorensen
Date: February 2005

Title: Convergence of European Security Systems
Date: February 2005

Title: An Analytical Overview of Democratic Oversight and Governance of the Defence and Security Sector in Ukraine
Authors: Leonid Polyakov
Date: February 2005

Title: The Catalysts, Directions and Focus on Turkey Agenda for Security Sector Reform in the 21st Century
Authors: Ümit Cizre
Date: November 2004

Title: Strengthening International Arms Control/Disarmament Regimes and the Democratic Oversight and Reform of the Security Sector
Authors: Philipp H. Fluri
Date: November 2004

Title: The Saudi Security Apparatus: Military and Security Services - Challenges and Developments
Authors: Anthony H. Cordesman, Nawaf Obaid
Date: August 2004

Title: Security Sector Transformation in Afghanistan
Authors: Mark Sedra
Date: August 2004

Title: Jordanian Security Sector Governance: Between Theory and Practice
Authors: Nawaf Tell
Date: August 2004

Title: Iran's Security Sector: An Overview
Authors: Wilfried Buchta
Date: August 2004

Title: Challenges to Security Sector Governance in the Middle East: the Libyan Case
Authors: Hanspeter Mattes
Date: August 2004

Title: Challenges of Security Sector Governance in Kuwait
Authors: Ghanim Al-Najjar
Date: August 2004

Title: The Best Papers from the 2003 DCAF-IISS Young Faces Conference
Authors: Margareta Mamaliga, Nicu Popescu, Ivan Zverzhanovski
Date: July 2004

Title: Democratic Decision-Making and Deployments:The Case of the Netherland's Peacekeepers in Srebenica and Iraq
Authors: René Moelker
Date: July 2004

Title: Watching the Watchdogs: The Role of the Media in Intelligence Oversight in Germany
Authors: Antje Fritz
Date: April 2004

Title: Under Pressure. Falintil - Foras de Defesa de Timor Leste. Three Decades of Defence Force in Timor Leste: 1975-2004
Authors: Edward Rees
Date: April 2004

Title: Adaptation of Security Structures to Contemporary Threats
Authors: Theodor H. Winkler
Date: April 2004

Title: Vision Of A New Hungarian Intelligence Architecture
Authors: Tibor Babos
Date: March 2004

Title: Ukrainian Democratic Development and Euro-Atlantic Integration: A Natural Convergence, But A Difficult Path
Authors: James Green
Date: March 2004

Title: NATO Membership Is A Realistic Goal If Ukraine Shows Courage And Resolve
Authors: James Green
Date: March 2004

Title: Who Builds Civil Society? Civil Society, Mass Media and Democracy in Post-Communist Countries
Authors: Dušan Reljic
Date: January 2004

Title: Democratic Control of Armed Forces in Military Interventions: A Challenge to Global Governance
Authors: Herbert Wulf
Date: January 2004

Title: Civil Society, Democracy and the Law
Authors: Ian Leigh
Date: January 2004

Title: Civil Society and Democratic Oversight of the Security Sector: A Preliminary Investigation
Authors: Marina Caparini
Date: January 2004

Title: Truth, Justice and Reconciliation in a Post-Conflict Context
Authors: Eirin Mobekk
Date: November 2003

Title: Law - Enforcement: Creating and Maintaining a Police Service in a Post - Conflict Society - Problems and Pitfalls
Authors: Eirin Mobekk
Date: November 2003

Title: Development Donors and the Concept of Security Sector Reform
Authors: Michael Brzoska
Date: November 2003

Title: DCAF Security Sector Governance Status Report and Needs Assessment on Timor Leste
Authors: Philipp H. Fluri
Date: September 2003

Title: The Role of Civilians in Security and Defence Policy Making - The Case of the Czech Republic
Authors: Marie Vlachová
Date: August 2003

Title: The Role of Civilians in National Security Structures - The Bulgarian Experience
Authors: Velizar Shalamanov
Date: August 2003

Title: The Parliamentary Dimension of Security Sector Reform
Authors: Willem F. van Eekelen
Date: August 2003

Title: National Security Decision Making, Formal vs. Informal Procedures and Structures: Case Study 1 - The Former Soviet Union, Russia and Ukraine
Authors: Yuri Nazarkin
Date: August 2003

Title: Decision Making in the Field of Security - Formal and Informal Procedures and Mechanisms in the Russian Federation
Authors: Vladimir Shustov
Date: August 2003

Title: Civilian Control or Civilian Command?
Authors: Louis L. Boros
Date: August 2003

Title: Before and After 1998 - A Romanian Short History
Authors: Mircea Plangu
Date: August 2003

Title: Intelligence Practice and Democratic Oversight - a Practitioner's View
Authors:
Date: July 2003

Title: Comparing Frameworks of Parliamentary Oversight: Poland, Hungary, Russia, Ukraine
Authors: David Betz
Date: July 2003

Title: The Professionalisation of the Czech Armed Forces
Authors: Marie Vlachová
Date: May 2003

Title: The Integration of Women into the Czech Armed Forces
Authors: Marie Vlachová
Date: May 2003

Title: Monitoring of the Norwegian Secret Services
Authors: Leif Mevik
Date: May 2003

Title: Democratic Control of Security and Intelligence Services: A Legal Framework
Authors: Ian Leigh
Date: May 2003

Title: Oversight and Guidance: the Relevance of Parliamentary Oversight for Security Sector Reform
Authors: Hans Born, Philip Fluri
Date: March 2003

Title: Management of National Security Sector - Bulgarian Experience
Authors: Anyu Angelov
Date: March 2003

Title: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Chapter: Central Asia
Authors: Philipp Fluri
Date: February 2003

Title: Parliamentary Control of Security Policy - The Experience of Poland
Authors: Agnieszka Gogolewska
Date: February 2003

Title: Officer Career Management in a Peacetime Democracy
Authors: Jack Petri
Date: February 2003

Title: New Constitutional Position of the Army
Authors: Miroslav Hadzic
Date: February 2003

Title: Former Soviet Union: Security Sector Reform in the Southern Caucasus
Authors: Philipp Fluri
Date: February 2003

Title: Control and Oversight of Security Intelligence in Romania
Authors: Larry Watts
Date: February 2003

Title: Security Sector Reform in Bulgaria
Authors: Velizar Shalamanov
Date: January 2003

Title: Practical Confidence-Building Measures: Does Good Governance of the Security Sector Matter?
Authors: Heiner Hänggi
Date: January 2003

Title: Democratic and Parliamentary Accountability of Intelligence Services after September 11th.
Authors: Peter Gill
Date: January 2003

Title: A Casual View into the Future: Reform of Military Education in the Czech Republic
Authors: Ladislav Halber štát, Marie Vlachová
Date: January 2003

Title: Between Efficiency and Legitimacy: Democratic Accountability of the Military in the US, France, Sweden and Switzerland
Authors: Hans Born
Date: November 2002

Title: Why Engage in Security Sector Reform Abroad? International Norms, External Democratization and the Role of DCAF
Authors: Gerhard Kümmel
Date: October 2002

Title: Ukraine's Security Sector Reform: Is Progress Conditioned by the Interest of Society
Authors: Leonid Polyakov
Date: October 2002

Title: September 11: New Challenges and Problems for Democratic Oversight
Authors: Nicholas Williams
Date: October 2002

Title: Security Sector Reforms in Slovenia: Waging Success and Failure Before the End of Transition
Authors: Ljubica Jelusic
Date: October 2002

Title: Security Sector Reform: Concepts and Implementation
Authors: Timothy Edmunds
Date: October 2002

Title: Security Sector Reform in Lithuania: Theory and Practice
Authors: Robertas Sapronas
Date: October 2002

Title: Responding to Post Cold War Security Challenges: Conceptualising Security Sector Reform
Authors: Wilhelm Germann
Date: October 2002

Title: Reform of the Czech Security Sector (Including a Brief Assessment of the Slovak Security Sector Reform)
Authors: Jan Jires
Date: October 2002

Title: Principles and Prerequisites of DCAF, Commonalities of the Best Practices in Established Democracies
Authors: Dietrich Genschel
Date: October 2002

Title: New Challenges, New Opportunities, The Security Sector Reform in Romania
Authors: Liviu Muresan
Date: October 2002

Title: Managing Change: The Reform and Democratic Control of the Security Sector And International Order
Authors: Theodor H. Winkler
Date: October 2002

Title: Lessons Learned from Security Sector Reform and Democratisation in Bulgaria
Authors: Valeri Ratchev
Date: October 2002

Title: Learning from Case Studies
Authors: Malcolm Chalmers
Date: October 2002

Title: International Standards and Obligations: Norms and Criteria for DCAF in the EU, OSCE and OECD Areas
Authors: Owen Greene
Date: October 2002

Title: Evaluation of Security Sector Reform and Criteria of Success: Practical Needs and Methodological Problems
Authors: Wilhelm Germann
Date: October 2002

Title: Democratic Transformation of the Security Sector in Russia: A Sad Saga of Failure
Authors: Yuri Federov
Date: October 2002

Title: Democratic Control of Armed Forces: the National and International Parliamentary Dimension
Authors: Wim F. van Eekelen
Date: October 2002

Title: Criteria of Success and Failure in Hungary's Democratisation Process
Authors: Zoltan Martinusz
Date: October 2002

Title: Civil Society and Democratic Civil-Military Relations - the Case of Hungary
Authors: Ferenc Molnar
Date: October 2002

Title: Assessing Democratic Oversight of the Armed Forces
Authors: Sander Huisman
Date: October 2002

Title: The Expertise of Norway in the Parliamentary Control of Armed Forces
Authors: Anders C. Sjaastad
Date: August 2002

Title: Armed Forces in Albania and Civil Society
Authors: Aliaj Illir
Date: August 2002

Title: The WSP International Experience and Security Sector Reform
Authors: David Whittlesey
Date: July 2002

Title: The Persistent Problem of Civil-Military Relations in East and Central Europe: a Briefing Note on Democratic Control of Armed Forces
Authors: David Betz
Date: July 2002

Title: Promoting Civil Society in Good Governance: Lessons for Security Sector
Authors: Johanna Mandelson Forman
Date: July 2002

Title: Problems of Democratic Control of Armed Forces in Central and Eastern Europe
Authors: Janos Matus
Date: July 2002

Title: Harmonizing Security Sector Reform & Defence Agreements Security Sector Reform in Croatia—the Defence Establishment
Authors: Jack Petri
Date: July 2002

Title: Consolidating Democracy: Professionalism, Democratic Principles, and Border Services
Authors: Alice Hills
Date: July 2002

Title: Civil-Military Relations Theory in the Post-Communist World
Authors: Costas Danopoulos, Daniel Zirker
Date: July 2002

Title: Border Control Services and Security Sector Reform
Authors: Alice Hills
Date: July 2002

Title: The Swiss Commitment to Transparency—Building in Southeast Europe
Authors: Philipp Fluri
Date: June 2002

Title: The Relevance of Democratic Control of the Security Sector
Authors: Marina Caparini, Philipp Fluri
Date: June 2002

Title: Macedonia and Southeastern Europe: Analysing Treats and Risks
Authors: Jack Petri
Date: June 2002

Title: Democratic and Parliamentary Oversight of the Intelligence Services: Best Practices and Procedures
Authors: Hans Born
Date: May 2002

Title: Transformation of the Romanian Civil - Military Relations After 1989
Authors: Marian Zulean
Date: April 2002

Title: Some Aspects of Defence Sector Development in Lithuania
Authors: Robertas Sapronas
Date: April 2002

Title: Security Sector Reform: an Opportunity for the Euro-Atlantic Integration of Romania
Authors: Liviu Muresan
Date: April 2002

Title: Postmodern Power and Transnational Policing: Democracy, the Constabulary Ethic and the Response to Global (In)Security
Authors: James Sheptycki
Date: April 2002

Title: On Police Reform in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Serbia
Authors: Budimir Babović
Date: April 2002

Title: Legal Aspects of Security Sector Reform in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Authors: Zoran Pajic
Date: April 2002

Title: Learning From Best Practices of Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector
Authors: Hans Born
Date: April 2002

Title: Intelligence Services and Democracy
Authors:
Date: April 2002

Title: Establishing a National Security Council: Lessons for the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Authors: John Tedstrom
Date: April 2002

Title: Democratic Oversight of the Security Sector. What Does it Mean?
Authors: Hans Born
Date: April 2002

Title: Criteria for Success of Failure in Security Sector Reform: The Case of Latvia
Authors: Janis Arved Trapans
Date: April 2002

Title: Assessing Success and Failure: Practical Needs and Theoretical Responses
Authors: Wilhelm Germann
Date: April 2002

Title: Armed Control of Civilian Forces in Hungary
Authors: Istvan Szikinger
Date: April 2002

Title: The Russian Federal Border Service: Lessons for Planning and Establishing Border Security Systems
Authors: Vladimir Mochalov
Date: March 2002

Title: The Finnish Border Security Concept
Authors: Arto Niemenkari
Date: March 2002

Title: The Estonian Border Guard
Authors: Aare Evisalu
Date: March 2002

Title: EU/Schengen Requirements for National Border Security Systems
Authors: Arto Niemenkari
Date: March 2002

Title: Democratic Control of the Police and Police Reform in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Serbia
Authors: Marina Caparini, Graham Day
Date: March 2002

Title: Border Security Systems: The Hungarian Case Study
Authors: Zoltán Szabó
Date: March 2002