Columbia International Affairs Online: Working Papers

CIAO DATE: 12/2009

Military and civilian ESDP Missions: Ever Growing and Effective?

Nicoletta Pirozzi, Sammi Sandawi

June 2009

Istituto Affari Internazionali


Even if the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) seems for many observers a well-established field of activity of the European Union, it must not be overlooked that it is still a young and on many aspects quite unpractised endeavour of the EU. Only in 2003 – after a four-year period of institution building, strategic considerations and civil/military capability development – ESDP became officially operational, and started in Bosnia and Herzegovina its first field mission.