Columbia International Affairs Online: Working Papers

CIAO DATE: 08/2012

No Longer Poor: Ghana's New Income Status and Implications of Graduation from IDA

Todd Moss, Stephanie Majerowicz

July 2012

Center for Global Development


Ghana’s largest and most important creditor for the past three decades has been the International Development Association (IDA), the soft loan window of the World Bank. That will soon come to an end. The combination of Ghana’s rapid economic growth and the recent GDP rebasing exercise means that Ghana suddenly finds itself above the income limit for IDA eligibility. Formal graduation is imminent and comes with significant implications for access to concessional finance, debt, and relations with other creditors. This paper considers the specific questions related to Ghana’s relationship with the World Bank, as well as the broader questions about the country’s new middle-income status.