Columbia International Affairs Online: Policy Briefs

CIAO DATE: 05/2015

Russia's development assistance, with a focus on Africa

Andrey Makarychev, Licínia Simão

September 2014

Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre


It was not until 2007 that the concept of development assistance became part of the Russian foreign policy toolkit. This policy brief explains Russia’s development assistance policy – mainly towards Africa – as an effect of the country’s global commitments and socialisation dynamics, on the one hand, and Moscow’s growing interest in exploring the potential of soft power as an indispensable element of its diplomacy, since both aspects are interrelated. The policy brief also looks at the mismatches between Russia’s normative discourse in its assistance towards Africa, and the economic and geopolitical interests it pursues simultaneously. This provides room for reflection on the specificities of so-called South-South cooperation, with which the BRICS grouping in particular is often associated