Turkish Journal of International Relations

Turkish Journal of International Relations

Volume 2, Numbers 3 and 4, Fall-Winter 2003


A Critique of Modernity: On Positivism, and Phenomenology
By Antonio Leopold Rappa



Modernity has two main antecedents — positivism and phenomenology. Hermeneutical variations of modernity are rationalistic, empiricist, progressive, optimistic. I intend to show how it becomes ironic when normative political theory implicitly recognizes the antecedents of modernity while simultaneously invalidating modernist moves towards achieving solutions to problems created by modernity itself. The paper is broken into four main parts — a brief overview of modernity, positivism, and phenomenology, and closes with the some markers of positivism and phenomenology in Nietzsche's critique of modernity.

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