Violence in Algeria: A Question of Securitization of State-Regime, Nation and Islam
By Ulla Holm
When the present Algerian President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika came into power in 1999, he promised social, economic and democratic reforms in order to stop violence and terror. He even declared that the violence of past years stemmed from the cancellation of the second round of the Parliamentarian elections January 1992, where FIS (The Islamic Salvation Front) stood to win. A timorous and very controlled process of democratization is on its way and violence has been somewhat reduced. But the state of emergency still function. The army is still the actor who decides the future of Algeria. 2004 is the year of presidential election. The struggle for power has therefore started between Bouteflika and the army with regard who decides who will be elected. In the wake of these struggles societal violence has been increasing.
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