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A Short Survey of Economic Sanctions

All Resources: A Short Survey of Economic Sanctions
Gary Hufbauer and Barbara Oegg


Online Resources

Chronological summary of economic sanctions for foreign policy goals, 1914-99
Institute for International Economics

Sanctions Map 2000, USA Engage

1948-1996 Presidential Elections, Total Sanctions in Effect, Hoover Digest

Unilateral Sanctions Speech, Senator Chuck Hagel (RealAudio)

United States Code, Title 50, Sec. 1701

U.N. Resolution 1173

Imposing International Sanctions

Office of Foreign Assets Control
US Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions
against targeted foreign countries, terrorism sponsoring organizations and ...

Hot Topics: Economic Sanctions

On the use of sanctions in the twentieth century in order to identify circumstances
in which economic sanctions can succeed in attaining foreign policy goals. ...

CSIS Unilateral Economic Sanctions Project
The CSIS sanctions project examines the foreign policy accomplishments of comprehensive
unilateral economic sanctions (CUES) by the United States. The major ...

A Catalog of New US Unilateral Economic Sanctions For Foreign Policy Purposes 1993-96

National Association of Manufacturers, March 1997. ...

Economic Sanctions: Too Much of a Bad Thing

Economic sanctions are increasingly being used to promote the full range of American foreign policy objectives.


Carter, Barry E. International Economic Sanctions: Improving the Haphazard U.S. Legal Regime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Center for Strategic and International Studies. Altering US Sanctions Policy. Final Report of the CSIC Project on Unilateral Economic Sanctions. Washington: CSIS, February, 1999.

Cortright, David, and George A. Lopez, eds. Economic Sanctions: Panacea or Peacebuilding in a Post-Cold War World?Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995.

Cortright, David, and George A. Lopez. The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000.

Doxey, Margaret P. Economic Sanctions and International Enforcement. 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, for Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1980.

Drezner, Daniel W. The Sanctions Paradox: Economic Statecraft and International Relations. Cambridge Studies in International Relations, no. 65. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

de Jonge Oudraat, Chantal. "Making Sanctions Work." Survival 42, no. 3 (Autumn 2000):105-127.

Elliott, Kimberly Ann, and Gary Clyde Hufbauer. "Same Song, Same Refrain? Economic Sanctions in the 1990's." American Economic Review 89, no.2 (May 1999): 403-408.

Haass, Richard N. Economic Sanctions And American Diplomacy. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1998.

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, Jeffrey J. Schott and Kimberly Ann Elliott. Economic Sanctions Reconsidered. 3rd edition. Washington: Institute for International Economics, forthcoming.

Malloy, Michael P. Economic Sanctions and U.S. Trade. Boston: Little, Brown, 1990.

Preeg, Ernest H. Feeling Good or Doing Good with Sanctions: Unilateral Economic Sanctions and the U.S. National Interest. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1999.

Rodman, Kenneth A. Sanctions Beyond Borders: Multinational Corporations, Extraterritoriality, and U.S. Economic Statecraft. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, forthcoming.

US Library of Congress. U.S. Economic Sanctions Imposed Against Specific Foreign Countries: 1979 to the Present. CRS Report for Congress 88-612 F, rvd. 9 September. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, 1988.

Weiss, Thomas G., David Cortright, George A. Lopez, and Larry Minear, eds. Political Gain And Civilian Pain. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1997.