Columbia International Affairs Online

CIAO DATE: 9/5/2007

Selected Bibliography on the Iraq War

Dan Caldwell
Pepperdine University

August 2007

Columbia International Affairs Online


Adelman, Ken.  “Cakewalk in Iraq.”  Washington Post (February 13, 2002): p. A 27.

Ajami, Fouad.  “Blind Liberation.”  The New Republic (April 23, 2007): 42-49.

Allawi, Ali A.  The Occupation of Iraq: Winning the War, Losing the Peace.  New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.

Anderson, Jon Lee.  “American Viceroy: Zalmay Khalilzad’s Mission.”  The New Yorker (December 19, 2005).

Arnove, Anthony.  Iraq: The Logic of Withdrawal.  New York: Metropolitan Books, 2007.

Atkinson, Rick.  In the Company of Soldiers: A Chronicle of Combat.  New York: Henry Holt, 2004.

Aylwin-Foster, Brigadier Nigel.  "Changing the Army for Counterinsurgency Operations."  Military Review (November-December 2005): 2-15.

Baker, James A., and Lee H. Hamilton, Co-Chairs. Iraq Study Group Report: The Way Forward--A New Approach.  New York: Vintage Books, 2006

Beckett, Ian F. W.  Insurgency in Iraq: An Historical Perspective.  Strategic Studies Monograph.  Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, January 2005.

Benomar, Jamal.  “Constitution-Making After Conflict: Lessons from Iraq.”  Journal of Democracy 15 (April 2004): 81-95.

Bensahel, Nora.  “Mission Not Accomplished: What Went Wrong with Iraqi Reconstruction.” Journal of Strategic Studies 29, no. 3 (June 2006): 453-473.

Best, Richard A.  U.S. Intelligence and Policymaking: The Iraq Experience. Report RS21696.  Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, December 2, 2005.

Biddle, Stephen.  "Seeing Baghdad, Thinking Saigon."  Foreign Affairs 85, no. 2 (March/April 2006): 2-14.

Biden, Joseph R., Jr., and Leslie H. Gelb.  “Unity Through Autonomy.”  New York Times (May 1, 2006): A 25.

Bilmes, Linda and Joseph E. Stiglitz.  “Encore.”  Milken Institute Review (Fourth Quarter 2006): 76-83.

Blix, Hans.  Disarming Iraq.  New York: Pantheon Books, 2004.

Boot, Max.  “The Bush Doctrine Lives.”  Weekly Standard (February 16, 2004).

Bowden, Mark.  “Wolfowitz: The Exit Interviews.”  The Atlantic Monthly 296 (July/August 2005).

Bremer, L. Paul, III,  “In Iraq, Wrongs Make a Right.”  New York Times (January 13, 2006): A 23.

Bremer, L. Paul, III, with Malcolm McConnell.  My Year in Iraq: The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.

Brigham, Robert K.  Is Iraq Another Vietnam? New York: Public Affairs, 2006.

Bunker, Robert, and John Sullivan.  “Suicide Bombings in Operation Iraqi Freedom.”  Military Review (January-February 2005).

Burgos, Russell. “An N of 1: A Political Scientist in Operation Iraqi Freedom” Perspectives on Politics 2, no. 3 (September 2004): 551-556.

Burroughs, Bryan, Evgenia Peretz, David Rose, and David Wise.  "The Path to War."  Vanity Fair, May 2004.

Buzzell, Colby.  My War: Killing Time in Iraq.  New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2005.

Campbell, Kenneth J.  A Tale of Two Quagmires: Iraq, Vietnam, and the Hard Lessons of War.  Boulder: Paradigm Publishers, 2007.

Chandrasekaran, Rajiv.  Imperial Life in the Emerald City: Inside Iraq's Green Zone.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006.

Chehab, Zaki.  Inside the Resistance.  New York: Nation Books, 2005.

Chiarelli, Peter, and Patrick Michaelis.  “The Requirement for Full-Spectrum Operations.”  Military Review (July-August 2005).

Cinincione, Joseph, Jessica R. Mathews, and George Perkovich with Alexis Orton.  WMD in Iraq: Evidence and Implications.  Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, January 2004.

Clancy, Tom, with Anthony C. Zinni and Tony Koltz.  Battle Ready.  New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 2004.

Clark, Wesley K.  Winning Modern Wars: Iraq, Terrorism, and the American Empire.  New York: PublicAffairs, 2003.

Clarke, Richard A.  Against All Enemies: Inside America's War on Terror.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

Cockburn, Patrick.  The Occupation: War and Resistance in Iraq.  New York: Verso, 2006.

Cole, Juan.  “The United States and Shi’ite Religious Factions in Post-War Iraq.”  Middle East Journal 57, no. 4 (Autumn 2003).

Collins, Joseph J. “An Open Letter to President Bush.”  Armed Forces Journal (January 2006).

_______.  “Planning Lessons from Afghanistan and Iraq.”  Joint Forces Quarterly, Issue 42 (2nd quarter, 2006): 10-14.

_______.  “Beyond the Surge.”  Armed Forces Journal (April 2007): 13.

Cornish, Paul, ed.  The Conflict in Iraq, 2003.  London: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2004.

Crane, Conrad C., and W. Andrew Terrill.  Reconstructing Iraq: Insights, Challenges, and Missions for Military Forces in a Post-Conflict Scenario.  Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, February 2003.

Crawford, John.  The Last True Story I'll Ever Tell.  New York: Riverhead Books, 2005.

Cushman, Thomas, ed.  A Matter of Principle: Humanitarian Arguments for War in Iraq.  Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2005.

Daalder, Ivo H. and James M. Lindsay.  America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy.  Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 2003.

Danner, Mark.  The Secret Way to War: The Downing Street Memo and the Iraq War’s Buried History.  New York: New York Review of Books, 2006.

Davis, John W., ed.  Presidential Politics and the Road to the Second Iraq War: From Forty One to Forty Three.  New York: Ashgate, 2006.

DeLong, Michael.  Inside Centcom: The Unvarnished Truth about the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.  New York: Regnery, 2004.

DeYoung, Karen.  Soldier: The Life of Colin Powell.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006.

Diamond, Larry.  “Why the United States Should Not Go It Alone.”  Hoover Digest 1 (2003): 82-85.

________.  Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq.  New York: Henry Holt, 2005.

Diamond, Larry, James Dobbins, Chaim Kaufman, Leslie H. Gelb, and Stephen Biddle.  "What to Do in Iraq: A Roundtable."  Foreign Affairs 85, no. 4 (July/August 2006): 150-169.

Djerejian, Edward P., and Frank G. Wisner, Co-Chairs.  Guiding Principles for U.S. Post-Conflict Policy in Iraq.  Working Group Report.  New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2003.

Dobbins, James, et alAmerica's Role in Nation-Building: From Germany to Iraq.  Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, 2003.

Dodge, Toby, and Steven Simon.  Iraq at the Crossroads: State and Society in the Shadow of Regime Change.  Adelphi Paper 354.  Oxford: Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, January 2003.

Donnelly, Thomas.  Operation Iraqi Freedom: A Strategic Assessment.  Washington, DC: AEI Press, 2004.

Eisenstadt, Michael and Eric Mathewson, eds.  U.S. Policy in Post-Saddam Iraq: Lessons from the British Experience.  Washington, D.C.: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2003.

Enders, David.  Baghdad Bulletin: Dispatches on the American Occupation.  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005.

Fallows, James.  “The Fifty-First State?”  The Atlantic Monthly (November 2002): 53-64.

_______.  “Bush’s Lost Year: How the War on Iraq Undermined the War on Terror.”  The Atlantic Monthly (October 2004): 68-84.

_______.  “Why Iraq Has No Army.”  The Atlantic Monthly (December 2005).

            _______.  Blind Into Baghdad: America's War in Iraq.  New York: Vintage Books, 2006.

Fearon, James.  "Iraq's Civil War."  Foreign Affairs 86, no. 2 (March/April 2007): 2-16.

Feldman, Noah.  What We Owe Iraq: War and Ethics of Nation Building.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

_______.  “The Democratic Fatwa: Islam and Democracy in the Realm of Constitutional Politics.”  Oklahoma Law Review 58, no. 1 (Spring 2005).

Fick, Nathaniel.  One Bullet Away.  New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.

Fisher, Louis.  “Deciding on War against Iraq: Institutional Failures.”  Political Science Quarterly 118, no. 3 (Fall 2003).

Flippert, Andrew.  “The Road to Baghdad: Ideas and Inellectuals in Explanations of the Iraq War.”  Security Studies 15, no. 2 (April-June 2006): 310-352.

Fontenot, Gregory, E. J. Degen and David Tohn.  On Point: The United States Army in Operation Iraqi Freedom.  Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute Press, 2004.

Franks, Tommy, with Malcolm McConnell.  American Soldier.  New York: Regan Books, 2004.

Freedman, Lawrence.  “War in Iraq: Selling the Threat.”  Suvival 46, no. 2 (June 2004): 7-49.

_______.  “Writing of Wrongs.”  Foreign Affairs (January-February 2006): 129-134.

Fukuyama, Francis.  America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power and the Neoconservative Legacy.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.

Gaddis, John Lewis.  Surprise, Security, and the American Experience.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Galbraith, Peter W. “How to Get Out of Iraq.”  New York Review of Books 51, no. 8 (May 13, 2004).

_______.  “The Bungled Transition.”  New York Review of Books (September 23, 2004).

_______.  The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War Without End.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006.

Goldberg, Jeffrey.  “Breaking Ranks: What Brent Scowcroft Tried to Tell Bush.”  The New Yorker (October 31, 2005): 54-65.

Goldfarb, Michael.  Ahmad’s War, Ahmad’s Peace.  New York: Carroll and Graf, 2005.

Gordon, Michael R. and Bernard E. Trainor.  Cobra II: The Inside Story of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq.  New York: Pantheon, 2006.

Gordon, Philip H., and Jeremy Shapiro.  Allies at War: America, Europe and the Crisis Over Iraq.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004.

Greenberg, Karen J., and Joshua L. Dratel, eds.  The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Haass, Richard.  The Opportunity: America’s Moment to Alter History.  New York: PublicAffairs, 2005.

_______.  “Iraq and the Fortunes of War.”  Los Angeles Times, December 27, 2005, p. B 13.

Hammes, Thomas X.  The Sling and the Stone: On War in the 21st Century.  Osceola, WI: Zenith Press, 2004.

Hamre, John et al.  Iraq’s Post-Conflict Reconstruction: A Field Review and Recommendations.  Washington, DC: Center for International and Strategic Studies, July 17, 2003.

Hanson, Victor David.  Between War and Peace: Lessons from Afghanistan and Iraq.  New York: Random House, 2004.

Hashim, Ahmed.  Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Iraq.  Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2006.

Hayes, Stephen F.  "Saddam's al Qaeda Connection."  The Weekly Standard 8, no. 48 (September 1, 2003).

_______.  "Case Closed: The U.S. Government's Secret Memo Detailing Cooperation between Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden."  The Weekly Standard 9, no. 11 (November 24, 2003).

Herring, Eric, and Glen Rangwala.  Iraq in Fragments: The Occupation and Its Legacy.  Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2007.

Hersh, Seymour M.  Chain of Command: The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib.  New York: HarperCollins, 2004.

_______.  “The War Plans.”  The New Yorker (April 17, 2006): 30-37.

Hooker, Gregory.  Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom.  Washington, DC: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2005.

Hoffman, Frank.  “The Marines in Review.”  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings (May 2005).

Human Rights Watch.  The Graves of al-MahawilI, May 2003; available at

_______.  “Violent Response: The US Army in al-Faqllujah.”  Middle East Reports 15, no. 7.  Human Rights Watch, June 2003; available at

Ignatieff, Michael.  “Why Are We in Iraq?  And Liberia?  And Afghanistan?”  New York Times Magazine (September 7, 2003): 38-43.

International Crisis Group.  “Governing Iraq.”  Middle East Report, no. 17 (August 25, 2003).

_______.  "In Their Own Words: Reading the Iraqi Insurgency."  Middle East Report, no. 50 (February 15, 2006).

_______.  “Iraq and the Kurds: The Brewing Battle over Kirkuk.”  Middle East Report 56, no. 18 (July 18, 2006).

Isikoff, Michael and David Corn.  Hubris: The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, and the Selling of the Iraq War.  New York: Crown Publishing, 2006.

Jabar, Faleh A.  “Postconflict Iraq: A Race for Stability, Reconstruction, and Legitimacy.”  Special Report, no. 120.  Washington, DC: U.S. Institute of Peace, May 2004.

Jervis, Robert.  "Understanding the Bush Doctrine."  Political Science Quarterly 118, no. 3 (Fall 2003): 365-388.

_______.  “Why the Bush Doctrine Cannot Be Sustained.”  Political Science Quarterly 120 (Fall 2005).

_______.  American Foreign Policy in a New Era.  New York: Routledge, 2005.

Judis, John B., and Spencer Ackerman.  “The Selling of the Iraq War: The First Casualty.”  The New Republic (June 30, 2003).

Kampfner, John.  Blair's Wars.  London: Free Press, 2003.

Kaplan, Robert D.  “A Post-Saddam Scenario.”  The Atlantic Monthly (November 2002): 88-90.

_______.  “Five Days in Fallujah: Going in with the Marines.”  The Atlantic Monthly (July-August 2005).

Katzman, Kenneth.  Iraq: Oil for Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade.  Report RL30472.  Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, March 21, 2005.

_______.  Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance.  Report.  RL31339. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, April 5, 2005.

Kaufman, Chaim.  "Threat Inflation and the Failure of the Marketplace of Ideas: The Selling of the Iraq War."  International Security 29, no. 1 (Summer 2004): 5-48.

Kaufman, Robert.  The Bush Doctrine.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2007.

Keegan, John.  The IraqWar.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.

Kegley, Charles W., Jr. and Gregory A. Raymond.  After Iraq: The Imperiled American Imperium.  New York: Oxford Unviersity Press, 2007.

Keiler, Jonathan.  “Who Won the Battle of Fallujah?”  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings (January 2005).

Keller, Bill.  “The Sunshine Warrior.” (Profile of Paul Wolfowitz).  New York Times Magazine (September 22, 2002).

Kitfield, James.  War and Destiny: How the Bush Revolution in Foreign and Military Affairs Redefined American Power.  Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2005.

Knight, Michael, ed.  Operation Iraqi Freedom and the New Iraq.  Washington, DC: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2004.

Kumins, Lawrence.  Iraq Oil: Reserves, Production and Potential Revenues.  Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, September 29, 2003.

Laird, Melvin.  "Iraq: Learning the Lessons of Vietnam."  Foreign Affairs 84, no. 6 (November/December 2005): 22-43.

Langewiesche, William.  “Welcome to the Green Zone: The American Bubble in Baghdad.”  The Atlantic Monthly (November 2004).

Lehman, Nicholas.  “After Iraq.”  The New Yorker (November 2, 2003).

Litaker, Eric.  “Efforts to Counter the IED Threat.”  Marine Corps Gazette (January 2005).

Litwak, Robert S.  Regime Change: U.S. Strategy through the Prism of 9/11.  Washington and Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press and the Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.

Mann, James.  Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet.  New York: Viking, 2004.

Manning, David.  “Prime Minister: Your Trip to the U.S.”  British Government Memo, March 14, 2002; available at


Marr, Phoebe.  The Modern History of Iraq.  Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2003.

_______.  “Looking Forward: Can the United States Shape a ‘New’ Iraq?”  Miller Center Report 19, no. 3 (Fall/Winter 2003): 6-13.

Maass, Peter.  “The Salvadorization of Iraq?”  New York Times Magazine (May 1, 2005).

Mayer, Jane.  “The Manipulator.”  The New Yorker (June 7, 2004).

Mazarr, Michael J.  “The Iraq War and Agenda Setting.”  Foreign Policy Analysis 3, no. 1 (January 2007): 1-23.

McMaster, H. R.  Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Cheifs of Staff, and the Lies That Led to Vietnam.  New York: HarperPerrenial, 1998.

Mearsheimer, John J. and Stephen M. Walt.  "An Unnecessary War."  Foreign Policy 134 (January/February 2003): 51-59.

Monten, Jonathan.  “The Roots of the Bush Doctrine.”  International Security 29 (Spring 2005): 140-153.

Mueller, John.  "The Iraq Syndrome."  Foreign Affairs 84, no. 6 (November/December 2005): 44-54.

Muravchik, Joshua.  “The Bush Manifesto.”  Commentary (December 1, 2002).

Murphy, Richard W., Chair.  Winning the Peace: Managing a Successful Transition in Iraq.  Policy Paper.  Washington, DC: American University and the Atlantic Council of the United States, January 2003.

Murray, Williamson and Robert H. Scales, Jr.  The Iraq War: A Military History.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Nagl, John.  Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife: Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Nakash, Yitzhak.  “The Shi’ites and the Future of Iraq.”  Foreign Affairs 82 (July-August 2003): 17-26.

Newbold, Lt. Gen. Greg.  "Why Iraq Was a Mistake."  Time.  April 17, 2006.

O'Sullivan, Meghan.  Iraq: Time for a Modified Approach.  Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2001.

Packer, George.  “Letter from Baghdad.”  The New Yorker (May 17, 2004).

_______.  The Assassin’s Gate: America in Iraq.  New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005.

_______.  “Letter from Iraq: The Lesson of Tal Afar.”  The New Yorker, March 10, 2006.

Petraeus, David Howell.  The American Military and the Lessons of Vietnam: A Study of Military Influence and the Use of Force in the Post-Vietnam Era.  Doctoral dissertation.  Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, 1987.

_______.  "Military Influence and the Post-Vietnam Use of Force."  Armed Forces and Society 15 (Summer 1989): 489-505.

_______.  “Battling for Iraq.”  Washington Post (September 26, 2004).

Phillips, David L.  Losing Iraq: Inside the Postwar Reconstruction Fiasco.  Boulder: Westview Press, 2005.

Pillar, Paul.  "Intelligence, Policy, and the War in Iraq."  Foreign Affairs 85, no. 2 (March-April 2006): 15-28.

Pollack, Kenneth M.  The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq.  New York: Random House, 2002.

_______."Spies, Lies, and Weapons: What Went Wrong."  The Atlantic Monthly (January-February 2004).

Powell, Colin L.  “A Strategy of Partnership.”  Foreign Affairs 83, no. 1 (January-February 2004): 22-34.

Powell, Colin L., with Joseph Persico.  My American Journey.  New York: Random House, 1995.

Powers, Thomas.  "War and Its Consequences."  New York Review of Books, (March 27, 2003).

Prados, John.  Hoodwinked: The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War.  New York: the New Press, 2004.

Purdum, Todd S.  A Time of Our Choosing: America’s War in Iraq.  New York: Times Books, 2004.

Rathmell, Andrew.  “Planning Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Iraq: What Can We Learn?”  International Affairs 81, no. 5 (2005).

Record, Jeffrey.  Bounding the Global War on Terrorism.  Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, December 2003.

_______.  Dark Victory: America’s Second War Against Iraq.  Annapolis, MD: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 2004.

Record, Jeffrey, and W. Andrew Terrill.  Iraq and Vietnam: Differences, Similarities, and Insights.  Carlisle, PA: U.S. Army War College, May 2004.

Reynolds, Nicholas.  Basrah, Baghdad, and Beyond: The U.S. Marine Corps in the Second Iraq War. Annapolis, MD: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 2005.

Rhodes, Edward.  “The Imperial Logic of Bush’s Liberal Agenda.”  Survival 45, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 131-153.

Rice, Condoleezza.  “Promoting the National Interest.”  Foreign Affairs 79, no. 1 (January-February 2000): 45-62.

Ricks, Thomas E.  Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq.  New York: Penguin Press, 2006.

Rieff, David.  “Blueprint for a Mess: How the Bush Administration’s Prewar Planners Bungled Postwar Iraq.”  New York Times Magazine  (November 2, 2003): 28-44.

Risen, James.  State of War: The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration.  New York: Free Press, 2006.

Roberts, Adam.  "Law and the Use of Force After Iraq."  Survival 45, no. 2 (Summer 2003): 31-56/

Rosen, Gary, ed.  The Right War: The Conservative Debate on Iraq.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Rosen, Nir.  In the Body of the Green Bird: The Triumph of Martyrs in Iraq.  London: Free Press, 2006.

Ross, Dennis B.  Statecraft: And How to Restore America's Standing in the World.  New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2007.

Sands, Philippe.  Lawless World: The Whistle-Blowing Account of How Bush and Blair Are Taking the Law into Their Own Hands.  New York: Penguin, 2006.

Schlesinger, Arthur, Jr.  “Eyeless in Iraq.”  New York Review of Books 50 (October 9, 2003).

Scowcroft, Brent.  “Don’t Attack Saddam.”  Wall Street Journal (August 15, 2002): A 19.

_______.  “Getting the Middle Eat Back on Our Side.”  New York Times (January 4, 2007): A 23.

Seierstad, Asne.  A Hundred and One Days: A Baghdad Journal.  New York: Basic Books, 2006.

Shadid, Anthony.  Night Draws Near: Iraq’s People in the Shadow of America’s War.  New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2005.

Shawcross, William.  Allies: The U.S., Britain, Europe and the War in Iraq.  New York: PublicAffairs, 2004.

Sifry, Micah L., and Christopher Cerf, eds.  The Iraq War Reader: History, Documents, Opinions.  New York: Touchstone, 2003.

Simon, Steven N.  After the Surge: The Case for U.S. Military Disengagement from Iraq.”  Council Special Report, no. 23.  New York: Council on Foreign Relations, February 2007.

Singer, P. W.  "Outsourcing War."  Foreign Affairs 84, 2 (March/April 2005): 119-133.

Stauber, John.  Weapons of Mass Deception: the Uses of Propaganda in Bush's War on Iraq.  New York: Penguin, 2003.

Steinbruner, John.  “Confusing Ends and Means: The Doctrine of Coercive Pre-emption.”  Arms Control Today (January-February 2003).

Suskind, Ron.  The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, The White House, and the Education of Paul O’Neill.  New York: Simon &Schuster, 2004.

_______.  “Faith, Certainty and the Presidency of G. W. Bush.”  New York Times Magazine (October 17, 2004).

_______.  The One Percent Doctrine: Deep Inside America’s Pursuit of Its Enemy Since 9/11.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 2007.

Tannenhaus, Sam.  "Interview with Paul Wolfowitz."  Vanity Fair, May 9, 2003.

Tenet, George, with Bill Harlow.  At the Center of the Storm: My Years at the CIA.  New York: HarperCollins, 2007.

United Kingdom.  House of Commons.  Foreign Affairs Committee.  The Decision to Go to War in Iraq: Ninth Report of Session 2002-2003, Volume I Report, July 3, 2003.

United Kingdom.  House of Commons.  Intelligence and Security Committee.  Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction--Intelligence and Assessments.  Cmnd [Command] 5972, September 2003.

United Kingdom.  Parliament.  Joint Intelligence Committee.  Iraq’s Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Assessment of the British Government, September 2002.

_______.  International Terrorism: War with Iraq, February 2003.

United Nations.  The Political Transition in Iraq: Report of the Fact-Finding Mission.  New York: United Nations, February 23, 2004.

U.S. Agency for International Development.  Iraq’s Legacy of Terror: Mass Graves; available at

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.  "National Intelligence Estimate: Prospects for Iraq, Saddam and Beyond."  National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) 93-42 (December 1993).

­­_______.  Comprehensive Report of the Special Advisor to the DCI on Iarq’s WMD (Duelfer Report), September 30, 2004; available at

U.S. Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction.  Report to the President, March 31, 2005; available at

U.S.  Congress.  House of Representatives.  The Iraq Liberation Act.  105th Cong., 2nd sess., H.R. 4655. 

U.S. Congress.  Senate.  Armed Services Committee.  Lessons Learned During Operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.  Hearings, 108th Cong., 1st sess. (July 9, 2003).

_______.  Hearing on the Status of Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction and Related Programs.  108th Cong., 2nd sess., January 28, 2004.

U.S. Congress.  Senate.  Foreign Relations Committee.  Hearing on Stabilization and Reconstruction Efforts.  108th Cong., 1st sess., May 22, 2003.

U.S. Congress.  Senate.  Select Committee on Intelligence.  Report on the U.S. Intellligence Community’s Prewar Intelligence Assessment on Iraq, July 7, 2004.

U.S. Government Accountability Office.  Rebuilding Iraq: Status of DoD's Reconstruction Programs."  Washington, D.C.: Government Accountability Office, 2006.

U.S. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States.  The 9/11 Commission Report.  New York: W. W. Norton, 2004.

U.S. The White House. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America.  Washington, D.C.: The White House, September 17, 2002.

_______. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America.  Washington, D.C.: The White House, March 16, 2006.

_______.  National Strategy for Victory in Iraq.  Washington, D.C.: The White House, November 30, 2005.

Veritas: Journal of Army Special Forces History.  Issue on Special Forces operations in the Iraq War, Winter 2005.

Wallsten, Scott, and Katrina Kosec.  “The Iraq War: the Economic Costs.”  Milken Institute Review (Third Quarter, 2006): 16-23.

West, Bing.  No True Glory: A Frontline Account of the Battle for Fallujah.  New York: Bantam, 2005.

Western, Jon.  "The War Over Iraq: Selling the War to the American Public."  Security Studies 14, 1 (January-February 2005): 106-139.

Wilkerson, Lawrence B.  “The White House Cabal.”  Los Angeles Times (Octrober 25, 2005): B 11.

Williams, Kayla.  Love My Rifle More Than You.  New York: W. W. Norton, 2005.

Woods, Kevin.  Iraqi Perspectives Project: A View of Operation Iraqi Freedom from Saddam’s Senior Leadership.  Joint Forces Command, 2007.

Woods, Kevin, James Lacey, and Williamson Murray.  “Saddam’s Delusions: The View from the Inside.”  Foreign Affairs 85, no. 3 (May-June 2006): 2-27.

Woodward, Bob.  Bush at War.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.

________.  Plan of Attack. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

________.  State of Denial: Bush at War, Part III. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.

Yaphe, Judith S.  “War and Occupation in Iraq: What Went Right?  What Could Go Wrong?  Middle East Journal 57 (Summer 2003).

Zinni, Tony and Tony Koltz.  The Battle for Peace.  New York: Palgrave, 2006.

Zucchino, David.  Thunder Run.  New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2004.